2019年2月25日 星期一

南投美食 Kufufuza Makhalidwe Abwino ndi Ufulu Wopulumutsidwa wa Human Placenta

南投美食 Hu Hanbing wachitetezo 18-07-26 18:36 "Ine ndikufuna kutenga kumbuyo kupanga awo latuluka, adokotala akhoza kuti anati ngati zinyalala zachipatala, ndipo ine ndikufuna kuti ndikufunseni amene ali mwini wake wa latuluka lapansi." Siyense vuto mwina amayi latuluka postpartum akukhudzidwa, koma pamene pamene muyenera kubwerera kwa latuluka, ndi nkhope ya yankho chipatala, anthu ambiri sadzaimirira kudzifunsa. Zochita zipatala ambiri amakhalanso ndi apakati wa latuluka monga zinyalala mankhwala pakati, ganizirani latuluka wokwatibwa ndi chipatala, sadzatenga kanthu kufunsa pasadakhale umayi akuchikazi kapena mwachindunji ku chipatala kuti atsimikizire kusaina ndondomeko. Latuluka (latuluka) ndi yofunika limba zinthu kuwombola pakati pa mwana wosabadwayo ndi amake, ndi nthawi ya mimba anthu pakati pa nyongolosi akuchikazi ndi embryonic endometrial olowa filimu wamkulu mayi minofu limba kumanga. Placental kapena mankhwala mwakhungu, wotchedwa latuluka, amatchedwanso afterbirth anthu, afterbirth, maselo zovala, anapitiriza latuluka, zikopa yoopsa. Pakalipano, palibe maphunziro ambiri a malamulo pa chigawo cha anthu ku China, ndipo palibe ntchito yapadera pa izo. Ngakhale dipatimenti yoyang'anira ntchito ya zaumoyo kudzera zikalata latuluka normative bwino a amayi onse, koma chisokonezo padziko utsogoleli kuchipatala pa matenda a latuluka akuchikazi, akuchikazi placental kwadalako kuyan'anila zachitika kwa umwini. Popeza akazi ambiri koma sadziwa ufulu wawo akhala kukanakhala kumuphwanyira Ayi, vuto alibe zinachititsa kuti zikuluzikulu poyera, koma ndi kuzindikira ufulu wa anthu kumvera kwambiri kuteteza ufulu wawo, ine ndikukhulupirira kuti ngati mabungwe zachipatala ukupitirirabe m'mbuyomo lachitsanzo wakale wa kasamalidwe, saika kumanga ndi kukulitsa khalidwe la ogwira ntchito kuchipatala latuluka kasamalidwe dongosolo malamulo, Ndikuopa kuti zidzayambitsa litigation zikuluzikulu. Chimake cha munthu chimagwirizanitsidwa ndi mwana wakhanda atabadwa, ndi chiani chake chovomerezeka? Kodi kumasulila umwini wake, kuyambira nkhani sikuti zinamupatsa nkhawa, onse kufufuza chiphunzitso malamulo ali osowa. The woyambitsa wa kulemba nkhani ino, kupanga kusanthula osaya tikunena chuma mlandu wa anthu latuluka, mutu ndi ufulu mpumulo, zoyambitsa, kudzatunga chidwi ndi kafukufuku pa chitetezo chikhalidwe cha latuluka lapansi. nyama latuluka zina chifukwa cha chiphunzitso ndi mchitidwe yunifolomu chidziwitso zambiri, sindidzamwanso kubwereza apa. Choyamba, zikhumbo zalamulo za placenta ya munthu Pakuti anthu lamulo latuluka katundu, ngakhale theorists kukambirana zambiri, koma akhoza kugawidwa mu magulu awiri, akatswiri ena akuganiza kuti pambuyo gawo la thupi m'thupi angathe kuonedwa ngati zinthu zosiyana, monga ziwalo, magazi, tsitsi, etc. ndipo kutetezedwa ndi lamulo katundu, akatswiri ena akuganiza kuti nsengwa anthu a ziwalo, mbali ya malamulo "zinthu mwapadera", ayenera zimachitika kusintha kuchuluka kwa ufulu wa munthu. Ine ndikukhulupirira kuti anthu latuluka ndi chuma chapadera zinthu ndi ufulu wa munthu makhalidwe wapawiri, ngakhale awo katundu ufulu munthu katundu okwanira anali m'madera ena. Choyamba, nsengwa anthu iyoyomwe katundu wa zinthu, unaturuka kuseri kwa mayi ndi chogwirika, palokha kukhalapo, ngakhale malamulo boma limaletsa kugulitsa latuluka anthu, koma samaletsa alipo monga Chinese mankhwala azitsamba, amene iyoyomwe mtengo ena zachuma. Chachiwiri, popeza latuluka anthu olekanitsidwa mayi, womwe osati monga chinthu palokha alipo, nthawi zambiri ufulu wawo chuma payekha, kumene kungakhale katundu ufulu malinga kholo alipo, kungakhale ophiphiritsa tokha yokha zochokera latuluka anthu alipo, monga madera ena a dziko ali m'manda a latuluka pofuna kubweza ulemu kwa moyo pemphero kapena makanda kukula chikhalidwe wathanzi m'madera amenewa kapena anthu m'madera amenewa kungapondereze ndi latuluka anthu khalidwe bwino, ngati ankaona kuphwanya ufulu chuma chipani mwachionekere si zokwanira, komanso infringes pa ulemu la latuluka anthu anasangalala ndi kukhazikika ndi makhalidwe zochokera chikumbutso ufulu abwino ali ndi umunthu wophiphiritsa, chifukwa chophwanya amenewa adzakhala kuyan'anila mogwirizana ufulu wa munthu wonyada. Pomaliza, dziko lathu kuti amaletsa anthu latuluka malonda, chifukwa ngati lamulo, komanso kutenga nkhani ya latuluka, ngakhale kholo pachiyambi, koma kumagwirizana ndi ufulu wa munthu wa mayi, zokhudzana ndi mfundo lonse chikhalidwe koyenela dongosolo ntchito yomanga ndi kukonzanso kuti anthu ndi makhalidwe ake, monga munthu cholinga cha manyazi ndi mayi, nsengwa anthu atapachikidwa pa malo onse, ngati ankaona kuphwanya nkhaniyi, munthuyo anali bwino kuti abwerere ndi kubwezera ndalama, sakuyenerera malipilo kuwonongeka abwino, koma mwachionekere simungathe kupanga kwa mayi kuwonongeka ubongo, zomwe si miyezo ya kuwonongeka pali mankhwala. Chachiwiri, mwiniwake wa placenta Pakuti umwini latuluka anthu, akatswiri a zamalamulo ndi dera zachipatala pa umwini wa latuluka ali ndi maganizo osiyana, makamaka choikidwa bambo, mayi ake ananena Attribution, Attribution makolo kunena, malo anati mwana wosabadwayo, ndi mwana wosabadwayo choikidwa mayi anati chipatala anati umwini ndi maganizo a mnzanuyo. Panopa ena Zipatala zambiri kwenikweni unachitikira view kuti umwini wa chipatala, anati chipatala kulandira umayi zachipatala mchitidwe latuluka logwirizana ndondomeko kuti mwachibadwa anapeza umwini wa latuluka, koma chiphunzitso tsopano ndi kupanda chifukwa chilichonse malamulo thandizo. View utsogoleri dipatimenti ya za umoyo wa mayi ndi choikidwa kunena, malinga ndi chakudya, "Utumiki wa Health ovomerezeka zambiri pa latuluka pambuyo popereka amayi kubadwa" ndi "limbikitsa kasamalidwe kake obstetric amafuna khumi chitetezo," zokhudzana yoopsa (latuluka) adzakhala a amayi onse. Ine ndikukhulupirira kuti nsengwa munthu ukala dzira pakati mafilimu akuchikazi ndi embryonic nyongolosi zolimidwa ku United endometrial minofu ziwalo mayi kumangako pa chitukuko cha kuwombola chuma pakati pa mwana wosabadwayo ndi mayi. Mapangidwe nsengwa ndi ukala Ndisanaumbidwe ndi mayi chiberekero olowa wamkulu, umwini ayenera a mayi ndi mwana wosabadwayo, komanso m'dziko lathu wayamba kuzindikira malire a mwana wosabadwayo ali ndi luso ufulu, ndithudi, kupatula nthayo kubadwa sakhoza kutulutsa chifukwa nsengwa ndi Kutetezedwa kwa ufulu wa fetus kumanyalanyazidwa mwa amayi. Choncho, wolembayo amakhulupirira kuti kupatsidwa kwa placenta kuyenera kukhala kwa mayi ndi mwana, ndipo zimakhala za mayi pamene mwana wabadwa ngati kubadwa. Chachitatu, ufulu waumwini wa umunthu unaletsa mwalamulo chifukwa chake 南投美食 Malingana ndi malamulo omwe alipo tsopano ku China, malo a anthu amakhala ndi amayi, koma zosiyana zimatchulidwanso. Malinga ndi unduna wa zaumoyo ovomerezeka zambiri pa latuluka pambuyo popereka amayi kubadwa "ndi" limbikitsa kasamalidwe chitetezo cha malamulo khumi obstetric "amapereka akazi kapena ndalama za latuluka, akhoza kuwataya ndi bungwe la zachipatala. Pankhani ya latuluka ali ndi kufalikira kwa matenda opatsirana, mabungwe zachipatala adzakhala n'kuuza amayi, kuti kupopera mankhwala mogwirizana ndi "opatsirana Disease Chilamulo Kuteteza," chakudya zogwirizana "Medical Zinyalala Management Malamulo", ndi kukonzedwa malinga ndi zinyalala mankhwala. Malinga ndi zinthu zimenezi, kosamalira zachipatala kukhala mkazanga, ufulu kutaya latuluka analandira kwaulere, pali zochitika zitatu: amayi m'mbuyo kupita aperekepo ndi latuluka, nkhani ya latuluka anthu ali ndi kufalikira kwa matenda opatsirana ndi n'kuuza amayi, milandu iwiri yoyambirira losavuta kumvetsa, ufulu wa anthu ingosiyani lamanja la kutaya kapena kulanda ufulu wa nazo, ndi munthu woyenera kuimira kudziletsa kuzindikira, koma latuluka anthu ndipo ali choncho n'kuuza amayi kufalikira kwa matenda opatsirana, mabungwe zachipatala yovomerezeka, momasuka lamanja la nazo ndi zovuta zambiri, timakhulupirira kuti m'pofunika kumakumana awiri Zinthu: 1. Mankhosa a munthu angayambitse kufalikira kwa matenda opatsirana. Malinga Article "Disease Kuteteza Act" mwa matenda opatsirana lagawidwa Gulu A, B ndi C m'kalasi, mu ndime yachiwiri, atatu, waika anayi mtundu winawake wa matenda opatsirana, bungwe la zachipatala kotero analandira lamanja la kutaya kufotokoza kuti nsengwa anthu akhala kachilombo nthumwi matenda kapena akuchikazi yekha onyamula matenda opatsirana. Pakuti latuluka anthu apeza mfundo nthawi ya kuthekera kwa kufalikira kwa matenda opatsirana. Ine ndikukhulupirira kuti akazi ayenera kukhala patsogolo ulimi pa matenda opatsirana, kuti Ine kunyamula nthenda akuchikazi ali lidakhudza latuluka pa mimba kapena tizilombo toyambitsa matenda opatsirana, popanda ndondomeko positi kupanga kapena kupanga chifukwa mabungwe zachipatala zolakwa mwini kuyambitsa matenda omwe placental Matenda opatsirana. mabungwe Medical mosazindikira patsogolo kwa latuluka anthu angayambitse matenda opatsirana, mabungwe zachipatala, ngakhale kulandira ufulu kuthana ndi latuluka, koma sizikutanthauza kuti zachipatala wosamasula bungwe zachipatala angathe, mabungwe akuchikazi zachipatala angathe titsatire tort udindo. 2, mabungwe zachipatala adzakhala n'kuuza amayi. 1946, 59 (1) anatengera ndi mwaubwino United Nations General Assembly, ufulu mudziwe ngati mmodzi wa ufulu wa anthu, Article 33 la "malamulo bungwe zachipatala", pamene mabungwe zachipatala madokotala, Kupenda wapadera kapena chithandizo chapadera, ayenera odwala chilolezo, ndipo tidzapita kupeza chilolezo cha mabanja awo kapena Gona ndi kusainidwa; pamene sankatha kupeza maganizo a anthu odwala, wachibale kapena wachibale adzalandira chilolezo ndi siginecha. Ngakhale malamulo amakono limalola ntchito yokonza BOMA, chitetezo anthu, popanda chilolezo cha rightholder, mulole kutenga njira mwamsanga nazo kapena asagwiritse ufulu wa anthu ufulu, koma ndi ufulu mudziwe ngati ufulu wa nzika, akuluakulu onse ayenera kukwaniritsa izi Udindo. Anthu latuluka mankhwala kumafuna ulemu wa munthu, ufulu wa chibadidwe, anthu ufulu ndi ufulu kuthana ndi latuluka anthu kuuzidwa mabungwe zachipatala ayenera kuuzidwa za ntchito zawo. Ngakhale kuuzidwa ndi sikusokoneza mabungwe zachipatala kupeza ufulu kutaya latuluka anthu, koma linaphwanya ufulu mfundo za zipani, monga madokotala ayenera kufotokozera matenda ndi mankhwala ntchito mu chikhalidwe ndi mankhwala zikunena wodwalayo, monga analephera kukwaniritsa udindo wake, chifukwa mavuto mtima Bungwe la zachipatala lidzayenera kulipira. Ngakhale China amapereka latuluka anthu ayenera kufala kwa matenda opatsirana ndi mankhwala, koma silinena mmene latuluka ali matenda opatsirana amadziŵika ndi dipatimenti komanso chifukwa cha kupeza ya limagwirira kusiyana mpumulo. Malinga "Matenda opatsirana ndi Chilamulo Kuteteza" ikuti kuti thanzi utsogoleri m'madipatimenti kuyang'anira matenda kupewa matenda ndi kuyang'aniridwa ndi kasamalidwe, kupewa ndi kuchepetsa matenda a matenda ofalitsidwa polojekiti, wanyanga, EPIDEMIOLOGY, malipoti matenda ndi kuteteza ena, kudziletsa ntchito, mabungwe zachipatala ntchito kupewa ndi kuchiza ndi kupewa matenda opatsirana m'dera la udindo zokhudza mankhwala a matenda opatsirana. latuluka anthu kupeza matenda kupewa ndi kuchepetsa matenda adzakhala adzanyamula m'banja, koma nthawi zambiri kugwira pathological Kupenda anapeza kuchita mabungwe mankhwala kudzera mabungwe mkati, mabungwe mankhwala kamodzi ankamuona ngati ali ndi matenda mwachindunji opatsirana monga mankhwala kutaya zinyalala, maphwando chabe zosatheka mpumulo. Lachinayi anthu thupi latuluka Tort Relief Malinga ndi mfundo mafunso wolemba zokhudzana ndi dziko milandu itatu yokha siudzalandilidwa ngathi lamulo latuluka kapena umwini mkangano wina kwa April 23, 2001 dziko loyamba latuluka anthu mkangano, kumva anthu ndi Jiaxing City, Court Zhejiang Show Anthu District, khoti lomaliza chifukwa odandaula amadzinenera wotsutsana ufulu sanaonetse zaka zisanu omwe amanena sangathe udzakhazikitsidwa anachotsa zakuti ndi odandaula ndi iwiri kwa April 18, khoti 2011 Daqing Ranghulu District anthu anavomera mlandu latuluka mkangano bwalo ankakhulupirira kuti nzika n'kololeka katundu wawo paokha kutetezedwa ndi lamulo, amayi akabereka, nsengwa ayenera wokwatibwa ndi akazi onse, palibe wagawo kapena akhoza kugulitsidwa latuluka. Only mu nkhani ya latuluka mwina chifukwa kufalikira kwa matenda opatsirana, akuchikazi mabungwe zaumoyo ali ndi ufulu kutaya latuluka, ndipo imeneyi ayenera n'kuuza amayi. Wotsutsana analephera kupereka umboni kuti nsengwa ali milandu nthenda, odandaula sangathe kukhala gawo la zinyalala latuluka zachipatala, koma ayenera kuzindikira kuti osuma anali gawo la, chifukwa imfa ya nkhaniyo ndi chifukwa m'ndende za chipatala ndi zipatala anachititsa tiyenera kunyamula udindo monga mwa malamulo, koma chifukwa latuluka sangakhoze kugulitsana, sangakhoze kuyankhula za malipiro ndi mtengo msika, ndi odandaula ku chipatala chifukwa palibe umboni kuti wozengedwa linaphwanya latuluka ake ndi phindu, khoti lomaliza anadalira pa mfundo za chilungamo, kutonga chipatala wozengedwa azilipira ndi odandaula latuluka 200 n'chokwana. Atatu odwala kuphwanya July 16, Khoti 2015 Beijing Fengtai District Anthu analandira ufulu kuuzidwa mlandu chilolezo udindo pa mkangano pa nkhani pano bwalo ankakhulupirira kuti madokotala ayenera kufotokoza matenda zikunena pochiritsa odwala zinthu mankhwala, analephera zogwirizana ake udindo, kuchititsa kuwonongeka kwa wodwalayo, kosamalira zachipatala adzakhala wopalamula, khoti ankakhulupirira kuti kuli dziko wathu ndi malo ena oti kuyika latuluka miyambo kuthandiza akuvutika amati malipiro kuwonongeka makhalidwe abwino, koma Dipatimenti latuluka analetsa kugulitsa katundu, phindu sayenera kuti idzitha kuyezeka mawu ndalama, kotero odandaula anafunsa wozengedwa Fengtai kuchipatala cha latuluka milandu imfa malipilo kufunsa bwalo siligwirizana. Kuchokera pamilandu itatuyi, titha kuona kuti makhoti am'deralo ali ndi mfundo zofanana ndi zosiyana ndi zachipatala pakuyesera milandu yofanana. Bwalo lamilandu linakana kuvomereza ndalama zowonongeka chifukwa cha imfa ya anthu, chifukwa chakuti placenta imaletsedwa ku malonda. Ngati mukuganiza latuluka anthu a yekha kwa kuchuluka ace, ndi malamulo ena a boma chuma, ndi kuti zidzayambitsa latuluka anthu munthu woyenera ali ndi vuto m'malo womangika: Other latuluka nyama kutetezedwa ndi lamulo katundu ufulu, pambuyo akuvutika zomvetsa unkagwiritsidwa malipiro a zachuma, ndi anthu anthu latuluka chitetezo womwewo wa chilamulo katundu ufulu, koma simungathe chifukwa cha mdima mwina malipiro chuma, ndilo mwachionekere osati malamulo cholinga cha chilamulo katundu. Choncho ine ndikukhulupirira kuti, pansi lamulo la malonda a latuluka anthu ndipo mwina zochepa malipilo ndalama mu dziko lathu, zakuweluzidwa kwa milandu ayenera kulabadira ufulu wa munthu kwa kuchuluka kwa chitetezo cha latuluka anthu, kotero kuyan'anila amene amatsogoleredwa ku chipatala chifukwa malipilo ndalama imfa ya latuluka anthu koma simungathe inachokera Ozunzidwa akhoza kudandaula chifukwa cha kuwonongeka kwa maganizo pa nkhani za ufulu waumwini. Pamene aphungu ayenera kuganizira malamulo Kodi ali ndi katundu wapawiri wa latuluka Anthu ndi ena "zinthu mwapadera" Mkhalidwe ndi kumanga wabwino mpumulo limagwirira "Chinthu chapadera" kupewa milandu kumachitika pamene ntchito malamulo a chitetezo ufulu wa anthu kuposa ena chitetezo katundu ufulu Zovuta. Limba utsogoleri ndidzalimbikitsa ndi kusintha kuyang'aniridwa limagwirira zinyalala mankhwala ndi zinyalala mankhwala kuzindikiridwa njira zolakwika mlandu, kuwongolera kuukonza "Medical Zinyalala gulu" posachedwapa.

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