2019年2月28日 星期四

宜蘭美食 Lighthouse Theoretical Kuunikira Kusintha ndi Kutsegulira kachiwiri - Chidziwitso cha Kuphunzira Chizindikiro cha Kalata "Chofuna Choonadi" cha Xi Jinping

宜蘭美食2019, "Kufunafuna Choonadi" ndi mtundu maonekedwe atsopano kutsogolo kwa wowerenga, ena mawanga chowala, mtima wanga njenjenje, m'mene adamaliza mbali yoyamba ndi yachiwiri, anthu ambiri pa mtima anali ndi chisangalalo ndi cholimbikitsa, adzaomba kalembedwe atsopano, anafotokoza maziko auzimu ndi ongolankhula kufunafuna nyengo yatsopano ya chikominisi Chinese. Ambiri mwamphamvu anamva, Mlembi General XI Jinping walemba nkhani lofalitsidwa ndi yothandizira "chuma dialectical ndi maganizo dziko ndi njira ya chikominisi Chinese," "amayesetsa kuti akonze woyera ndi kukhulupirika kuimba cadres apamwamba", ali ndi tanthauzo lapadera kwambiri. M'mbuyomo akulankhula za mzere maganizo, pambuyo nkhani za mzere gulu ili, izi ndi ziwiri "adzathe kuyala maziko latsopano, ndiyeno kutsegula udindo watsopano," mnzawo buku, anayatsa chabwino cha kusintha ndi kutsegula chiphunzitso china mu malingaliro. ndi kusintha ndi kutsegula kuyamba kachiwiri chiyani? Bwino kwambiri mfundo iyi, tiyenera kusintha ndi kutsegula ndi mmene kuyambira titakambirana mwachidule. Koloko plenary zokambirana unachitikira monga chizindikiro cha chigonjetso China anatsegula nsaru ya kusintha ndi kutsegula, Comrade Deng Xiaoping kwambiri anati, kusintha ndi kusintha. Pokumbukira zokwera ndi zotsika kusintha izi makumi anayi, tikhoza kuona kuti kusintha ndi kutsegula ndi oyamba anagumula "whatevers awiri" kutsegula "awiri kumasulidwa" (kumasula maganizo, kumasula mphamvu zipatso), monga kalambulabwalo kuti ulimi nthanthi kulimbikitsa chachikulu ichi kwambiri zisinthe yoposa mphamvu, anapambana chigonjetso waluntha. Mwanjira imeneyi tikhoza kunena kuti chipulumutso, choyamba, zichokera zenizeni, chiphunzitso ndi machitidwe, chigonjetso chachikulu kwa mzere maganizo a akufunafuna choonadi zoona zenizeni, ndi chigonjetso chachikulu cha chuma dialectical ndi chuma mbiri, chipulumutso chachikulu kukhazikitsa latsopano vuto, ndipo kuti ndi mkhalidwe watsopano ndi mkhalidwe watsopano mu Chinese wamasiku zokomera wamakono ku China, kukwaniritsa kudziletsa kusintha ndi chitukuko cha dongosolo zokomera, mapangidwe njira zokomera, mfundo, kachitidwe ndi chikhalidwe ndi maonekedwe Chinese. Pa nkhani imeneyi, Comrade Deng Xiaoping kamodzi mwachidule kuti "pomalizira pake, vuto ndi ofanana ndi chiphunzitso siyingafikire modernizations anayi vuto. Tiyenera angayerekeze kuti ndi vuto, kufunsa mafunso, angayerekeze cigawo chiphunzitso ndi mchitidwe." Chiphunzitso ndi muzichitochito, "Chinthu chofunika kwambiri kuti amaumirira otuluka zenizeni osati ku zofuna zotengera malingaliridwe" imene ili yofunika maganizo Mlembi General XI Jinping mu "chuma dialectical ndi dziko malingaliro ndi njira ya chikominisi Chinese," pepala anatsindika. Kodi kusintha kwa China ndi kutsegula kungayambirenso bwanji? Zimachokera ku zenizeni zenizeni zenizeni mu China. "Kodi kwenikweni lalikulu chi China? Kodi dziko lathu adakali siteji yoyamba ya sosholisimu ndi yaitali. Ichi ndi kumvetsa kwathu pano, kukonzekera tsogolo, chitukuko malamulo, ndi kulimbikitsa chifukwa cha mfundo cholinga maziko, osati kulekanitsidwa mfundo yaikulu yakuti, mukatero tikudzipereka zolakwa, zoukira boma ndipo ngakhale amalakwitsa. pankhaniyi, comrades ambiri kumvetsetsa ndikudziwa, koma mu nkhope mavuto enieni, ...... zambiri kutuluka subjectivism zinthu zosiyanasiyana, ndipo nthawizina otentha mutu, whimsical kumeneko anthu ngati racking ubongo wathu zochita, aliyense wa nsembe kuima, akhungu atakhala masitolo, pa polojekiti, kapena ena mipherezero unrealistically kwambiri, chifukwa zitha kukhala yopanda phindu, zoipa koposa zabwino. Chifukwa vuto izi zimachitika? ngakhale mobwerezabwereza funso limeneli? kuchokera Kuchokera muzu wa lingaliro, sizikuchita chirichonse kuchokera ku chenicheni. " Mlembi General XI Jinping anatsindika m'nkhani, chowonadi cholinga si malo amodzi, koma kusinthika, kwenikweni akukhudza zofunika methodological kwa kamvedwe kathu ka ndithu sayansi limathandiza kusintha ndi kutsegula kuyamba kachiwiri. Ngakhale China siteji yoyamba ya zinthu zokomera onse a zofunika dziko sanasinthe, koma patatha zaka 40 kusintha ndi kutsegula, China amacheza mphamvu zipatso, miyezo anthu amoyo akwaniritsa tumphatumpha mbiri pamaso pa kukhazikitsidwa kwa China lero, osati ndi China latsopano ndi yosiyana kwambiri ndi kusintha ndi kutsegula isanafike ndi yosiyana wokhala zofunika zinthu mtundu wa dziko lathu lakhala ndi zikusintha; lero, malo China a m'bwalo lonse, osati sangafanane ndi lisanakhazikike Chatsopano China, komanso yosiyana pamaso kusintha ndi kutsegula, China ndi mabuku dziko mphamvu ndi chikoka mayiko wakhala ndipo likutuluka. Palibe chikaiko, chirichonse kuchokera ku chenicheni, kulimbikitsa kusintha ndi kutsegula kuyamba kachiwiri, kumene, kukumana ichi "awiri osiyana kwambiri", "molondola kumvetsa mayiko ndi zoweta chilengedwe kusintha, dialectical kusanthula makhalidwe siteji ya chitukuko zachuma China, molondola kumvetsa chitukuko zosiyanasiyana zinthu zatsopano za kusintha latsopano "gawo. https://www.teamo.com.tw/yilanfood01.html Adziwe zofunika mfundo zotsutsana ndi nawowu vuto, amalimbikira pa vuto olaula, chabwino pa luntha ndi kuthetsa mikangano monga yojambula lotseguka ntchito zinthu, amenenso ndi mfundo yofunika kwambiri m'nkhani, Mlembi General XI Jinping anatsindika dialectical chuma kwa ife kulimbikitsa kusintha ndi kutsegula latsopano mbiri poyambira ndipo kenako zikunyamuka kupereka malangizo ofunika. Naintini phwando lalikulu ananena kuti sosholisimu ndi makhalidwe Chinese mu nyengo yatsopano, kutsutsana chachikulu anthu akhala lidzasinthidwa mkangano chitukuko kuchepa zosowa anthu kuwonjezeka kwa moyo wabwino ndi olakwikawo. Re-kuyamba kukonzanso ndi kutsegula, ndi mwamphamvu kumvetsa kutsutsana chachikulu anthu athu akusinthika zenizeni kwambiri, ndi variable lalikulu, bwino kwambiri ndi maganizo a chitukuko ndi ntchito yatsopano Mlembi General XI Jinping, ndi "anayi mabuku" strategy chitukuko ndi "asanu mwa" wonse Kamangidwe maganizo, malingaliro kupeza njira kuswa impasse kutsutsana pakati pa zoweta kusintha chitukuko, kuchiritsa zinthu, chuma, kuwonongeka kwa chilengedwe ndi zina zotero; tanthauzo ndi ntchito ya mapeto a munthu ndi kumanga maganizo m'dera "panjira," XI Jinping, mlembi wamkulu wa kanthu, yankho zabwino ndi dziko luso, kuganizira njira kwambiri nationalization, hegemonism ndi mphamvu za ndale ndi zina chisokonezo International Development. Mlembi General XI Jinping anatsindika pa nkhaniyi, vuto ndi chiwonetsero cha kutsutsana mu zinthu, phwando lathu kwachititsa anthu mu kusintha, kumanga ndi kukonza ndi kumangidwa, wakhala kuthetsa mavuto zothandiza China. Kuganizira China nkhani yomwe iyenera kuthetsedwa mwa anthu Chinese okha, ayenera kupita ku zinthu zenizeni mu China kupeza yankho, aliyense m'maganizo, mwamwambo, makina, empiricism ndi mfundo akamabadwa maganizo, n'zosatheka kuchita pali zotsatira zabwino. Izi amafuna kuti adzathe kuyamba kusintha ndi kutsegula, tiyenera kuchotsa zokumana akale, akale njira kuswa kudziletsa kulambira ndi kudalira njira, anamuchotsera maganizo akale, chimango akale, mwakuya mu chizolowezi chachikulu cha kusintha ndi kutsegula ndi kupita ku zigawo zosiyana, osiyana m'madipatimenti, malo osiyanasiyana, magulu osiyana a zinthu zenizeni ndi moyo tsiku, kulimbitsa kufufuza ndiponso kufufuza ndi kumvetsa molondola cholinga weniweni kumvetsa molondola misa zofuna ndi zolinga zabwino pa polimbana ndi wapamalo ndi padziko lonse, ndipo yaitali cholinga ndi sanali kuganizira ubale yapadera panopa mwadongosolo, kwathunthu, mgwirizano kusintha, zotsatira za kusintha mosaponderezana phindu anthu onse. A mfundo za view ndi maziko a nzeru Marxist, kuchita zambiri, ndi luso ongolankhula zambiri. Ife tikufuna kusintha nthawi ndi zochitika za chitukuko, kupitiriza kuphunzira kuzindikira, zonse n'cigwagwa zinachitikira, kutsatira malangizo ongolankhula ndi kufufuza ntchito umodzi dialectical, chiphunzitso ndi luso othandiza kukwaniritsa mogwirizana zabwino, chitukuko cha Marxism m'nthawi ya 21 mu mgwirizanowu ndi mogwirizana. Zimenezi, monga, chikominisi Chinese kulimbikitsa luso la Marxism mu mchitidwe latsopano lalikulu la malangizo omveka bwino ntchito yake bwino. Mlembi General XI Jinping ananena kuti pokweza ndi osauka sosholisimu ndi makhalidwe Chinese, tiyenera kukhala kofunika kwambiri udindo wa chiphunzitso, chiphunzitso kudzikayikira komanso kutithandiza cholinga njira mchitidwewu mobwerezabwereza ndi chiphunzitso cholondola cha zotsatira poyerekeza sangakhoze kulalikira wamanthayo, tiyenera mosagwedera amalamula. Socialism ndi makhalidwe Chinese ndi mankhwala mwa zinthu zochuluka zothandiza kusintha ndi kutsegula zaka 40, ndi crystallization a wanzeru wa anthu ambiri ndi miyambo akubwerezedwa kufananitsa anasonyeza chiphunzitso cholondola vutoli Chinese, tili watsopano zakale poyambira kulimbikitsa kusintha ndi kutsegula kachiwiri, tiyenera kukhala olimba zokomera msewu ndi makhalidwe Chinese, ongolankhula, dongosolo ndi chikhalidwe azidzidalira, kuchotsa kulambira yosavuta mfundo Western, mabungwe Western, chitsanzo Western, osati kutengera, zochokera mchitidwe Chinese, mwa kuchita - kumvetsa - kachiwiri mchitidwe - kuzindikiridwa ndi zonse akatidzadza ndi kukhala sosholisimu ndi makhalidwe Chinese, akulemba mutu watsopano m'zaka 21 Marxism. Kukhoza mzere ndale zimadalira zolondola mzere gulu kuonetsetsa kuti ndi mlembi wamkulu XI Jinping mu "amayesetsa kuti akonze woyera ndi kukhulupirika kuimba cadres apamwamba," pepala anatsindika mfundo zofunika kwambiri. Chigoba mwamsanga chiyambi cha kusintha ndi kutsegula, Comrade Deng Xiaoping ananenetsa kuti pothetsa mzere maganizo kutsimikizira wapadera kuonetsetsa mzere gulu. Mu 1979, Deng Xiaoping ina ananenapo za otukuka mnyamata ndi ntchito njira ya Party, ubwino, kusankha bwino, si mkulu, zomangamanga ndi zofunika kwambiri. Tikati kuti Plenary Chachitatu kuthetsa mzere maganizo, mzere ndi kuthetsa mavuto gulu. Iye ananenetsa kuti "maganizo mzere Nkofunika, palibe zolondola maganizo mzere, sipangakhale zolondola mzere ndale. Mzere athu andale ndi zamakono za modernizations anayi ndi maziko a chuma dialectical. Maganizo mzere si anathana, mzere andale sitikhoza kupita nako kuti zithandize mzere ndale ndi abodza. "Nunsu imeneyi, ubale bungwe ndi mzere maganizo a njira amalankhula momveka bwino ndi mokwanira. Mlembi General XI Jinping nkhawa nyengo yatsopano, chipani chathu chiyenera kugwirizana atsogolere anthu kukwaniritsa "zaka mazana awiri" cholinga, kukwaniritsa rejuvenation lalikulu la maloto Chinese, tiyenera kugwiritsa nyengo yatsopano ya mzere gulu chipani, timayesetsa kuti akonze woyera ndi kukhulupirika sewero abwino cadres. Kapena kuyika okhulupirika kwa gulu ndi anthu, kaya zolinga olimba ndi zikhulupiriro, kaya kumapangitsanso "anayi chikumbumtima" mwamphamvu "anayi azidzidalira", kaya Committee chapakati Party ndi kukwana kutchinjiriza ulamuliro ndi utsogoleri centralized, kaya kwathunthu litsatira Party a chiphunzitso, mzere, ndondomeko, monga anayeza, malinga ndi muyezo wa cadres koyamba; kuti chilungamo bwana, meritocracy, meritocracy; kutsegula M'maso, Akasakaniza, wolimba mtima kuti udindo kusankha ndi kusankhidwa, kulimba mtima kuchitapo kanthu, ngati zabwino, ntchito chabwino cha cadres, kasamalidwe okhwima kukonda kwenikweni udindo cadre, ndi zina zotero, mfundo zimenezi wofunika vuto la nyengo yatsopano ya mzere gulu, ali ndi tanthauzo lofunika kwambiri, mtsogoleri chifukwa kulipira kukonzanso chiyambi cha kusintha ndi kutsegula, amayesetsa, ndi kudzipereka, kulenga choyenera katundu udindo kukwaniritsa rejuvenation kwambiri m'malo timu Chinese mtunduwu, adzakhala ndi chidwi ndi imafika amadza. M'njira imeneyi, Jinping XI, mlembi wamkulu wa nkhani ziwiri, tinganene kuti mmwamba ndi pansi buku mnzake, ndi osamva ndi ndale gulu kulimbikitsa kusintha ndi kutsegula pa kukonzanso poyambira, maziko ongolankhula, anayatsa chiphunzitso nyumba. Mlembiyo ndi Purezidenti wa Komiti Yophunzira ya Shanghai Reform, Innovation ndi Development Strategy Research Association. Mkonzi wamkulu: Wang Duo Kasupe wa mapu: Zojambula China Mkonzi wazithunzi: Xu Jiamin Kusaka kofanana Nkhani ya mlembi wamkuluMlembi Wachiwiri wa ChinaMagazini yofunafuna Kufikira nkhani Adasinthidwa komaliza: 03-01 06:31 Kuyamba: Kuima ku Shanghai, kuwonetsetsa dziko lonse lapansi, kuya kwake ndiko momwe mukuyembekezera. Nkhani yatsopano ya wolemba "Dzina mlembi" bomalo kuti "wophunzira amene" kuphunzitsidwa kulimbikitsa zinyalala latsopano mafashoni Pamene "sitolo ya pamsewu" inayamba kumveka bwino, akatswiri a zachikhalidwe cha ku America anakumbutsa kuti asanyalanyaze kufunika kwa ogwira ntchito pamsewu. "Kuwonongeka Padziko Lapansi" potsirizira pake anamasulidwa ku Hong Kong, koma ofesi ya bokosi inali yowawa kwambiri ... Nkhani zina

沒有留言:

張貼留言