2019年2月28日 星期四

台南美食 Mlembi Wamkulu, nkhaniyi, tiyeni tiwerenge ndikumvetsetsa lamulo la malamulo

台南美食 Webusaiti Yadziko Lonse 02-27 12:45 Munthu wovomerezeka, kutha kwa ulamuliro. 2019 No. 4 "Kufunafuna Choonadi" magazini inalemba nkhani yofunika Mlembi General XI Jinping "kulimbikitsa Party utsogoleri pa ulamuliro wathunthu wa chilamulo." Nkhani mabuku pa tanthauzo la lamulo, mosagwedera kutenga nkhani zofunika za mmene misewu ndi zina zokomera lamulo ndi makhalidwe Chinese mwadongosolo ndi mozama kufotokozera, ndi kalozera wamphamvu kamvedwe kathu za "chotsogolera" ulamuliro wopambana wa malamulo. Tiyeni tiphunzire, tiwerenge, tiwerenge nkhani ya Mlembi Wachiwiri, ndipo tidziwe tanthauzo lalikulu lakulamulira dziko lonse. Kodi ndi komiti yayikulu yotani ya malamulo? Mutawerenga mwa lemba, zolemba mfumu choyamba cholembedwa, m'nkhani ino ndi mbali ya Mlembi General XI Jinping mu ulamuliro chapakati kwa nthawi yoyamba kulankhula bwino pa msonkhano wa Komiti malinga ndi lamulo August 24, 2018. Mlembi General XI Jinping ananenera, "ndi CPC Committee chapakati anaganiza kukhazikitsa Committee ku Central za lamulo kwathunthu, iyi ndi nthawi yoyamba mu mbiri ya chipani kukhazikitsa thupi lotero umalimbana kulimbitsa chipanichi centralized ndi logwirizana utsogoleri wa ulamuliro wopambana wa chilamulo, kulimbikitsa mabuku co-kukhazikitsa ntchito lolamulira dziko malinga ndi lamulo. " Kudzera wodziwa zambiri, zolemba Jun anapeza kuti 2018 ndi CPC Committee chapakati anapereka "kukulitsa kusintha wa chipani ndi mabungwe boma dongosolo", maumboni "mapangidwe a Komiti chapakati cha ulamuliro wathunthu wa chilamulo" ali kufotokoza mwatsatanetsatane. Pakuti zonse chapakati Komiti ya lamulo kukhazikitsa maziko , "chipani ndi kuzamitsa kusintha mabungwe boma dongosolo" limati: Kuwongolera mosamalitsa dziko molingana ndi lamulo ndilofunikira chofunikira ndi chofunikira chotsimikizika cha chikhalidwe cha Socialism ndi chi China. CPC Committee chapakati kulimbikitsa centralized ndi logwirizana utsogoleri wa lamulo yomanga China ndi kusintha Party utsogoleri kwathunthu ulamuliro wa dongosolo malamulo ndi limagwirira ntchito, ndi bwino kugwiritsa ntchito mabuku zofunika njira ya ulamuliro wa chilamulo, mapangidwe a Komiti chapakati cha ulamuliro wathunthu wa chilamulo, amene ulamuliro wonse wa lamulo kapangidwe pamwamba mlingo, akukhudzidwira Kukonzekera, kugwirizanitsa kwathunthu, kukweza patsogolo, kuyang'anira ndi kukhazikitsa, monga momwe bungwe la Party Central Komiti likugwirira ntchito ndikugwirizanitsa ntchito. Bungweli udindo waukulu ndi: Ntchito ulamuliro wonse wa ntchito malamulo, kukwezeletsa ulamulilo wa lamulo, ulamuliro monga mwa chilamulo, ndi utsogoleri ichitikire kulimbikitsa kutsatira lamulo, boma malamulo ofotokoza lamulo nyumba ina, kafukufuku ulamuliro wopambana pa nkhani yaikulu, nkhani yaikulu chilamulo, kulimbikitsa chitukuko chachikulu malamulo sayansi, malamulo okhwima malamulo ndi chilungamo chilungamo, malamulo chilengedwe, ntchito kufalitsa lamulo ndi dongosolo zokomera wa lamulo m'mayiko monga sosholisimu ndi makhalidwe Chinese. "Mfundo zowerenga" ndemanga: Ndikofunikira bwanji kulamulira dzikoli mwalamulo lathunthu? Mu kukwaniritsidwa kwa "zaka mazana awiri" Cholinga cha nthawi yovuta, ataima mbiri kutonthozana, Mlembi General XI Jinping anali chotero kwambiri anamaliza , "chakuti chitukuko cha anthu kutsimikizira, malinga ndi lamulo kayendetsedwe yodalirika ndi khola. Kuti Ndibwino kugwiritsa ntchito lamulo la malamulo ndi malamulo a boma. " Lipoti la 18th National Congress la Communist Party ya China linanena kuti lamulo lalamulo ndi njira yofunikira yolamulira dzikoli. Popeza chipanichi 18, ndi Comrade XI Jinping ngati maziko a CPC Committee chapakati kudzera wachitatu, wachinayi, Chachisanu, Chachisanu ndi chimodzi Plenary Gawo, kukuza kupanga "anayi mabuku" njira Kamangidwe, ulamuliro wopambana wa chilamulo monga njira zoyambirira za lolamulira dziko. Naintini lalikulu phwando ripoti, "kutsatira lamulo mabuku a chilamulo" motsimikizira monga mmodzi wa njira zoyambirira za fortini nyengo yatsopano kutsatira ndi kukhala sosholisimu ndi makhalidwe Chinese. August 24, 2018, XI Jinping ndinkakhala nalo msonkhano woyamba wa Komiti chapakati cha ulamuliro wathunthu wa chilamulo nampereka kulankhula yofunika, anatsindika kufunika kwa "bwino kusewera olimba ulamuliro yofunika ya malamulo, khola sikhala yaitali phindu la ntchito chitetezo." Poganizira 2035, ulamuliro wathu wa malamulo, boma malamulo ofotokoza lamulo anali kwenikweni anamaliza zonse zokhudzana ndi dongosolo kwambiri wangwiro, dongosolo dziko ulamuliro ndi mphamvu za ulamuliro kukwaniritsa wamakono zofunika. The lamulo ndi kukhazikitsidwa kwa m'Komiti mabuku chapakati anasonyeza kuti XI Jinping CPC Committee chapakati akutsogolera anthu Chinese kuyenda pa lamulo mu China ulendo watsopano. Nchifukwa chiyani tifunika kukhazikitsa komiti yaikulu ya malamulo mu boma lalikulu? Monga momwe bungwe linakhazikitsidwa kwa nthawi yoyamba m'mbiri ya phwando, komiti yaikulu yapakatikati ya dziko malinga ndi lamulo inganenedwe kukhala yofunika kwambiri. Pa nkhani imeneyi, Mlembi General XI Jinping ku mbali zitatu mozama elaboration. Choyamba, uku ndiko kukhazikitsidwa kwa mzimu wa Party Party ya 19 komanso kufunika kulimbikitsa utsogoleri wothandizana ndi mgwirizano wokhudzana ndi malamulo. "Mfundo zowerenga" ndemanga: Party utsogoleri uli chifukwa cha chipani ndi boma ikusintha "Imani." Mlembi General XI Jinping kuika patsogolo zofuna bwino, "kukhazikitsidwa kwa komiti imeneyi ndi kusintha dongosolo mtsogoleri wa MCP ndi limagwirira ntchito ulamuliro wa mabuku a malamulo, kulimbikitsa Party Committee chapakati mu malamulo a sayansi, okhwima yazamalamulo, utsogoleri wa utsogoleli chilungamo cha chilungamo, malamulo ndi zina zotero anthu onse, mogwira kulimbikitsa zosankha CPC Committee Central ndi makonzedwe kuzitsatira. " Zolimbikitsa ulamuliro wopambana wa malamulo pochita yekha "malinga ndi malamulo lolamulira chipani mozama gulu lamulo mizu." Kukhazikitsa ulamuliro wopambana wa Komiti chapakati cha chilamulo, ndi kulimbikitsa institutionalization wa mtsogoleri wa MCP, kuganizira za legalization. Chachiwiri, izi ndizofunikira kuphunzira ndi kuthetsa nkhani zazikulu ndi nkhani zazikuru polamulira dziko molingana ndi lamulo, ndikugwirizana ndi kukweza malamulo a chikhalidwe cha chikhalidwe ndi chiyankhulo cha chi China komanso kumanga dziko lachikhalidwe lachikhalidwe lolamulidwa ndi lamulo. "Mfundo zowerenga" ndemanga: ulamuliro Mabuku a chilamulo ndi yaitali ndi wofunika m'mbiri ntchito, komanso kwambiri zisinthe. Bwino mavuto ndi vuto pano, XI Jinping, mlembi wamkulu anaganizadi kuti "malamulo panopa, yazamalamulo, milandu, malamulo ndipo kotero pali limasonyeza ambiri ofooka, munda wa ulamuliro wa kusintha malamulo maso ambiri mzere zovuta kulimira, Akufunika kulimbitsa co-Kudzozedwa kuchokera pa Komiti chapakati Party. " Kotero, mungathetse bwanji "mafupa ovuta" a lamulo la kusintha kwa malamulo? Mlembi wamkulu anapempha zinthu zitatu: 1. Tsatirani ku lamulo la mtsogoleri monga mtsogoleri. Pa nkhani imeneyi, XI Jinping chaka chatha anatchula vuto la chilengedwe zachilengedwe mu Gansu Qilian Mountains National Nature Reserve, ndi mwachuchuchu ananena kuti "malamulo 'Nayenso pamadzi,' yazamalamulo 'kusiya', imbaenda ku zotsatira za Qilian Mountain topezeka anali kwambiri kuonongeka. "" malo ena kumeneko kukhala ndi lamulo kuti 'zolakwika. "Choncho," litsatira yachilendo chitukuko, kuti akwaniritse bwino chuma ku ndege chitukuko quality, tiyenera kutsatira lamulo kutsogolera. " 2. Maziko a phwando ali mwa anthu ndi mphamvu mwa anthu . "Yazamalamulo anthu chisokonezeko, monga kukana chilungamo ndi maganizo ndi anaikira, amene ayenera kukhala yofunika ndi mfundo mphamvu ife mwankhaza anawaikira lamulo." XI Jinping mawu anayankha zikusonyeza mphamvu! The kusanthula anthu yazamalamulo chipwirikiti ngati, monga chimayambitsa zimene zinachitika, ndi "milandu mphamvu Kugawilidwa kwanthaka ndi limagwirira mphamvu opaleshoni si sayansi, mphamvu investigative, prosecutorial mphamvu, ulamuliro, Kukwanilitsa machitidwe mwagwirizana kudziletsa ndi njira ayi anapanga." 3. China iyenera kupita kudziko ndikugwira nawo ntchito za mayiko m'dziko lalikulu lomwe liri ndi udindo. Ziyenera kukhala bwino kugwiritsa ntchito lamulo lalamulo. Kupenda zinthu padzikoli, osati osewera lonse mu ndondomeko ya kayendetsedwe ka kusintha otsogolera, mtsogoleri ndiponso pokumana ndi zochitika zovuta lonse, komanso "azimenya malamulo, wotanganidwa misanje ulamuliro a lamulo, mtima vandals, anati zoyambilira Ayi. " Chachitatu, izi ndizofunika kukulitsa cholinga cha "zaka mazana awiri" ndikupereka lamulo lachidziwitso cha kukonzanso kwakukulu kwa dziko la China ku China. "Mfundo zowerenga" ndemanga: Pachigawo ichi, Kazembe Wachiwiri Xi Jinping anafotokoza bwino za mgwirizano pakati pa kuwuka ndi kugwa kwa ulamuliro wa dziko lakale komanso la masiku ano komanso dziko lachilendo komanso kusintha kwa chitukuko. Iye anatsimikiza mwamphamvu kuti: "Mbiriyakale ndi zoona zimatiuza kuti malamulo a dziko ndi abwino kwa dziko, ndipo ulamuliro wa dziko ndi wamphamvu kwa dzikoli." "Kuchokera ku China wakale, kulemera konse kwa dziko lapansi ndi nthawi yovomerezeka yalamulo." "Chipani chathu mu mphamvu zaka 60, ngakhale zokwera ndi zotsika koma lamulo kukhala, ku 'May Chachinayi Constitution' kwa malamulo posachedwapa ndikusinthidwa; ndi 'zokomera dongosolo malamulo' kuti 'ulamuliro zokomera wa chilamulo; kuchokera' mwina chilamulo malinga ndi lamulo ayenera kuomba Alamu belu 'kuti' malamulo a sayansi, malamulo okhwima malamulo ndi yoyendetsa chilungamo cha chilungamo, malamulo konsekonse, ndi ofunika kwambiri kumvetsa gulu lathu, mphindi ya ulamuliro ndi limodzi ku lamulo. " Mu "machitidwe anayi", chigamulo chokwanira cha dziko molingana ndi lamulo ndizofunikira kwambiri ndi chitsimikizo chofunikira, ndi chofunikira ndi chothandizira . "Tiyenera kukhala ndi malamulo a malamulo, maziko olimba, kuyembekezera mwachidwi, ndi chitetezo cha nthawi yaitali," pofuna kuteteza "maloto a China". Kodi mungatenge bwanji njira ya chikhalidwe cha chi Socialist ndi zikhalidwe za Chitchaina? Mu gawo lotsiriza la nkhaniyi, Mlembi General XI Jinping zina kumatanthauza malingaliro lotsogolera la ulamuliro wopambana wa chilamulo, chitukuko cha misewu, Kamangidwe ntchito, ntchito kiyi. Kulonga n'cigwagwa, makamaka zotsatirazi 10 mbali. Choyamba, tiyenera kupitiriza kulimbikitsa utsogoleri wa chipani pa ulamuliro. Chachiwiri ndikutsimikizira udindo waukulu wa anthu. Chachitatu ndikutsatira malamulo a chikhalidwe cha chikhalidwe cha chikhalidwe ndi chi China. Chachinayi ndikupitirizabe kumanga malamulo a chikhalidwe cha chikhalidwe cha chikhalidwe cha chi China. Wachisanu ndikutsatira malamulo, malamulo, ndi malamulo malinga ndi lamulo, ndi malamulo, lamulo la malamulo, ndi malamulo. Wachisanu ndi chimodzi ndikupitirizabe kulamulira dziko molingana ndi malamulo komanso kulamulira malinga ndi malamulo. Chachisanu ndi chiwiri, tiyenera kutsata mfundo zokhudzana ndi sayansi, malamulo okhwima, chilungamo chenicheni, ndi kusunga malamulo kwa anthu onse. Eyiti ndi kunena pa zinthu mabuku ndi ubale dialectical pakati pa lamulo. Mtsogoleri wachisanu ndi chiwiri akupitirizabe kumanga timu yapamwamba yokhala ndi malamulo apamwamba omwe ali ndi mphamvu komanso ndale. Zaka khumi ndizopitirizabe kugwira "ochepa" a atsogoleri oyang'anira. Izi malingaliro atsopano nzeru zatsopano ndi njira yatsopano, Marxist mfundo za lamulo ladziko ku China zikayenda atsopano , ndi ulamuliro wopambana wa chilamulo konse kutsatira . A ulamuliro wabwino kupita msewu wa sosholizimu ndi makhalidwe Chinese, tili "Khumi kutsatira" Ayenela kukwezeletsa kwa wathunthu akatidzadza ndi kukhala. "Mfundo zowerenga" ndemanga: Pa October 1, 1949, dziko la People's Republic of China linakhazikitsidwa, lomwe linakhazikitsa maziko apakati pa ndale ndi maziko a chikhalidwe cha chikhalidwe cha chikhalidwe cha anthu. "History ndi mphunzitsi wabwino Zokumana Nazo ndi phunziro kupanga phwando lathu bwino kwambiri za lamulo. Kodi njira yofunika ya ulamuliro ulamuliro singasiyanitsidwe ndi lamulo dziko Xing Xing, lamulo ndi dziko kuchepa chisokonezo. Pamene chidwi lamulo, lamulo Changming, pamene inu mtendere ndi chitukuko; pamene kunyalanyaza lamulo, lamulo yosangalala lamulo, pamene inu chisokonezo madandaulo dziko "ndi" anthu anayamba kufuna moyo wabwino, ndi cholinga wathu ".. Kuyang'ana m'mbuyo tikuona kuti chakhumi ndi chisanu ndi chitatu Party Congress, ndi komiti ya chipani cha ku Central anapanga mndandanda wa zosankha zazikulu ndondomeko pa ulamuliro wopambana wa chilamulo, atapereka mndandanda wa njira yaikulu zokomera dongosolo malamulo ndi makhalidwe Chinese ndi kukhwima. Musataye m'tsogolo, tiyeneranso kuona, zabwino kupita msewu zokomera ndi makhalidwe Chinese ndi lamulo, kuti amange vuto la zachuma, ndale woyera, chikhalidwe ndi kulemera, chilungamo, anthu lamulo mu China kuwomba chilengedwe zachilengedwe, osati chipanichi amphamvu utsogoleri likusowa Anthu mamiliyoni ambiri amagwira ntchito. Gwero la madzi amoyo lingapangitse mtsinje waukulu kuyenda. "The nyengo yatsopano limabweretsa aliyense, aliyense ndi umboni nyengo yatsopano, apainiya, omanga." Mu ulendo watsopano, tidzakhala Co-wosungira phazi la "mwala wapangondya a lamulo" ndi mutu wa "kumwamba abwino", ndi Ntchito yeniyeni yolemba ntchito imalemba mapulani okongola a dziko lachikomyunizimu lolamulidwa ndi lamulo. Kusaka kofanana Kulamulira dziko molingana ndi malamuloKutanthauzira mawu otchulidwa ndi lamuloMomwe mungamangire dziko pansi pa ulamuliroMchitidwe wa dziko la ChinaTanthauzo la kulamulira dzikoChilamulo changa cha dziko chimalota

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